A government by the people is called Democracy.


government by the people is called, government ruled by the people, what type of government is ruled by the peopleA government ruled by the people is called Democracy. The government of the people, by the people, and for the people is called Democracy. This is a form of government in which all eligible citizens are supposed to participate equally, either directly or through elected representatives, in the proposal, development and establishment of the laws by which their society is run.


  1. In democracy, people are free to articulate their opinions regarding government policies.
  2. A large number of college students were put behind bars after demonstrating for democracy.
  3. The newly elected prime minister has taken an oath to restore the true spirit of democracy.

Possible Questions

  1. A government by the people is called?
  2. What is a government ruled by the people called?
  3. What type of government is ruled by the people?
  4. What is an another word for government of people?
  5. A government that is ruled by the people is called?


  • Freedom
    • The state in which a person has the right to speak and act without any restrictions is called Freedom.
  • Egalitarianism
    • The belief in the removal of social, economic and political inequalities between people is called Egalitarianism.
  • Emancipation
    • The state of freedom from control and power of others is called Emancipation.


  • Monarchy
    • A regime where sovereignty is vested in an individual or a few individuals, and the country is  ruled by him/them until death or until abduction.  Monarchy is mostly based on succession.
  • Dictatorship
    • A regime where sovereignty is vested in a group of non elected individuals headed by a dictator. Countries ruled under dictatorship can generally be divided in three classes: Military dictatorship, Military Civil Dictatorship, and Single party system.
  • Authoritarian Regiem
    • Any regime where the political power is vested in some individuals and the country is ruled by them without any consideration of public opinion.

What is Democracy

Democracy is one of the most familiar form of government in the world. More than one half of the countries currently practice some kind of democratic system. However, world leaders don’t agree on what democracy actually means. Although, a clear description of this type of government is unavailable, politicians agree that four things must be in a country’s political system in order for its government to be called democratic.

  1. Free Elections
  2. Political contribution
  3. Civil Independence
  4. Performing Government

With agreement on the above four things, there seems to be a great uncertainty what the term Democracy means. In fact, that one hears it every day from the media, democracy means the government of the people, by the people, and for the people. This means that everyone should be able to express their opinion one way or the other, regarding things that effect on their lives. Dictionaries worldwide elaborate this concept as everyone can express their opinion directly as a member of the community or through representatives. This second understanding is then called Representative Democracy. Representative Democracy will only be successful if the elected representatives make their decisions only after discussing with their constituencies or at least have a clear idea regarding what their constituencies think of a particular issue. Many countries, who call themselves Representative Democracies, according to the above illustration, are not truly democratic. You can call those Representative Elected Dictatorships. Normally voting process is repeated after every 4 or 5 years. They vote for the representative keeping in mind that they will solve their issues, but those representatives hardly bother to consult their electorate on different issues.
Switzerland is the only country that more or less justifies the meaning of Democracy.

To illustrate the  state of democracy in a country, Economist Intelligence Unit has devised a Democracy Index. The value of the index ranges from 0 to 10, with 10 being the best.  The index is based on around 60 different factors. Based on the value of the Index, the countries are placed in four main categories:

  1. For the index value 8 to 10, perfect democracy.
  2. For the index value 6 to 7.9 flowed democracy.
  3. For the index value 4 to 5.9 hybrid regimes.
  4. For the index value 0 to 3.9 authoritarian regimes.

It is worthwhile to mention that around 14% countries fall in category 1, 31% in category 2, 24% in category 3 and rest  around 31% in category 4. It implies that the world is still far from having democracy with a big percentage of countries still under authoritarian regimes. Based on this Index, currently countries like Norway, Sweden, Iceland, New Zealand, Denmark, Switzerland, Canada, Finland, Australia with the index value greater than 9.0 are at the top of the list. Whereas, the countries like Iran, Guinea Bissau, Turkmenistan,Saudi Arabia, Republic of the Congo,Syria,Equatorial Guinea,  African Republic, and North Korea, with the index value less than 2.0 are at the bottom of the list. Some of other countries having the index value greater than 8 are United Kingdom, United States and France. Whereas in 2014, two most populated countries China and India have index values 3.0 and 7.92 respectively. All the countries in the top levels of the index are not ruled by dictators in recent history.