A person who climbs mountains is called a Mountaineer.


person who climbs mountains is called, a person who climbs mountains, person climbing a mountainA person who climbs mountains is called a  Mountaineer. A person pacing in  mountains is mostly known as hiker and not  Mountaineer. Hiking in the mountains is the simplest form of mountaineering. In Europe mountaineering is often called Alpinism, which involves climbing mountains called the Alps. Person climbing a mountain professionally or as a hobby is called mountaineer or an Alpinist.


  1. One of the wounded was an experienced mountaineer.
  2. Great job opportunity for an experienced and qualified mountaineer.
  3. The daunting peaks of Himalayas and Karakoram are a great challenge for a mountaineer.
  4. The first mountaineer who climbed Mount Everest was Sir Edmund Hillary.

Possible Questions

  1. Person who climbs mountains is called?
  2. Who is the first mountaineer to climb Mount Everest?
  3. How can we make Mount Everest a safe place for an amateur mountaineer?


  • Hiker
    • Someone who walks a great distance for pleasure or exercise is called Hiker.
  • Climber
    • Any human being or animal that climbs walls, trees or mountains is called Climber.
  • Alpinist
    • A mountaineer who climbs Alps (medium sized mountains) is called Alpinist.

Facts about Mount Everest


  • Height of Mount Everest is 29,035 feet (8848 meters high).
  • The border between north of Nepal and south of China is known as summit.
  • Mount Evert is more than 60 million years old.
  • The height of Mount Everest is growing by one forth of an inch every year.
  • Mount Evert contains different sorts of shale, marble and limestone.
  • The summit is roofed with deep snow all year long.


  • The Jet Stream takes the weight off your feet on top of Everest throughout the year.
  • The wind on Mount Evert can blow up to 200 mph.
  • The temperature drops down to -80º F.
  • During May every year till November, the jet stream moves north causing the winds to calm down and temperatures to warm enough for the mountaineer to try the summit. This time period from May to November is called the summit window.
  • The temperature in western CWM, region climbers have to cross to accomplish summit, can reach up to 100º F.


  • There are eighteen different climbing paths on Everest.
  • Normally it takes 40 days to climb Mount Everest.
  • A person breathes 66% less oxygen per breath, because of low air pressure, at Everest’s highest point.
  • Slender nylon ropes are used for climbing mountains.
  • Special boot with spikes underneath, called crampons, are required for climbing.
  • Climbers use ice axes to break fall.
  • Climbers use thick and puffy suits, packed with goose feather, to keep them self warm.
  • Rice and noodles are favorite among climbers.
  • Almost all climbers keep oxygen cylinder with them because of low air pressure.
  • Climbers start using oxygen cylinders when they reach at a height of 26,000ft.
  • Minimum age limit to climb from Nepal is 16 and from China side its 18.

Attempts and Summits

  • The first ever attempt was made in 1921 by a British expedition from the China-Tibet side.
  • The first summit was on May 29, 1953 by New Zealand’s Sir Edmund and Tenzing Norgay, from Nepal side.
  • The first north side summit was on May 25, 1960 by Nawang Gombu (Tibetan) and Chinese climbers Chu Yin-Hau and Wang Fu-zhou.
  • At the age of 13, American Jordan Romero became the youngest male to summit, on May 23, 2010, from the north side.
  • The youngest female to summit was Nepali Nima Chemji Sherpa on May 19, 2012 from the south side.
  • Japanese Miura Yiuchiro, age 80, holds the record of the oldest male to summit.
  • Japanese Tamae Watanabe, age 73, in 2012 holds the record of the oldest woman to summit from the north