A person who goes to outer space is called an Astronaut.
A person who travels beyond Earth’s atmosphere is called an Astronaut. A person who goes beyond Earth’s atmosphere to explore stars, planets or to conduct some specialized experiments is called an astronaut. The region immediately after the Earth’s atmosphere is called space. It is the immense void area between the extraterrestrial bodies, including Earth, Moon, Sun, and all the stars we see. A person who is the part of crew traveling in the outer space can be an engineer, a scientist or trained to control and steer a spacecraft, is called an Astronaut. In USA, anyone who crosses 80 KM of altitude is awarded with Astronaut’s wings. Whereas all the flights that go beyond the altitude of 100 KM are considered as Spaceflights by FAI (Fédération Aéronautique Internationale); as per 8 June 2013, the total number of people that have reached 100 km or more in altitude are 532.
It’s not a cup of tea to become an astronaut. There are no schools or universities offering any educational programs to become an astronaut. In some resourceful countries like USA, Russia, China and India, there are government agencies who select the best people possible to become astronauts. These selected people are supposed to be super fit both physically and mentally. Training of an astronaut, involves a huge investment. The development of a successful travel beyond atmosphere takes years of hard work by hundreds of professional engineers, scientists and managers who are involved in preparing the spacecraft and the astronauts.
- Someone who goes beyond the atmosphere is called an astronaut.
- What do you call a person who goes beyond atmosphere? A person who goes beyond the atmosphere is called an astronaut.
- A person who travels into a spaceship is called an astronaut.
- What do you call someone who goes beyond atmosphere?
- What do you call a person who goes beyond atmosphere?
- What do you call a person who travels beyond atmosphere?
- What do you call a man who goes beyond atmosphere?
- In Russia an astronaut is called a Cosmonaut.
- Space Cadet
- A young trainee astronaut is called a Space-Cadet.
What is an Astronaut?
The term astronaut is generally used for professionals who travel beyond atmosphere in quest of exploration and scientific experiments. However, the term also applies to amateurs who travel into space, like tourists, journalists, and politicians. Up to 2002, astronauts were only trained by government agencies. But now a new class of astronauts known as Commercial Astronauts has emerged, with the first suborbital flight of the privately funded spacecraft SpaceShipOne in 2004. After 2011, when Americans closed their Space shuttle Program, Russian spacecraft Soyuz and Chinese spacecraft Shenzhou are the only options available to Astronauts for traveling into the Space.
- The first man and woman who traveled beyond atmosphere were from Russia. The first man was Yuri Gagarin, launched on 12th April, 1961 was aboard Vostok 1, and the first woman was Valentina Tereshkova, launched on 16th June,1963 was aboard Vostok 6.
- The first American and second person who traveled beyond atmosphere was Alan Shepard. He traveled on 5th May, 1961. The first woman from America to travel into space was Sally Ride. She traveled on 18th June, 1983, during Shuttle Challenger’s mission.
- Mae Jemison was the first African American woman who traveled beyond atmosphere in 1992.
- The youngest person to travel beyond atmosphere, and the first person to suffer from Space Sickness is Gherman Titov from Russia, who was 25 years old at that time.
- The oldest person who traveled beyond atmosphere was John Glenn, he was 77 years old at the time of travel.
There are a number of accidents related to travel beyond atmosphere; many of these accidents involved loss of valuable human lives. Four of them involved a number of astronauts and cosmonauts. These include 1967 and 1971 disasters of Russian missions and 1986 and 2003 disasters of American missions. Many astronauts also lost their lives during trainings and related activities.