The study of caves is called Speleology and a person who studies caves is called Speleologist.

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study of caves, person who studies caves, scientific study of caves, someone who studies cavesThe scientific study of caves  is called Speleology and someone who studies caves is called Speleologist. The branch of geology that study or explore caves or caverns in respect of geological formation, physical features, etc. for scientific purpose is called Speleology.
Scientists who explore or study caverns are called Speleologist. A person who explores or study caverns for scientific reasons or just for fun is called Speleologist.

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Some of the World’s Amazing Caves

  • Eisriesenwelt Caverns
    • The Eisriesenwelt Caverns discovered in 1879, in Austria, is the world’s biggest cave of ice with a length of 30 miles. The term Eisriesenwelt means World of the Ice Giants.
  • Fingal’s Cave
    • Fingal’s Cave also known as Cave of Melody is  located on an uninhabited island on the coast of Scotland called Staffa Island. It’s 70 meters long and is entirely made up of connecting hexagonal pillars of basalt, probably created by prehistoric lava flow and a turbulent sea.
  • Blue Grotto Azzura
    • The Grotto Azzura is the most well-known tourist attraction. It’s a half-flooded sea cave that is filled with a strange blue light. In the Roman period, the cave was said to be the home of nereids, sirens, and devils.
  • Orda Cavern
    • The Orda Cave also known as Ordinskaya, is the Russia’s longest underwater cave and only recognized underwater gypsum cave in the world. It’s 5 kilometers in length with water so clear that the divers can see almost 150 feet ahead of them.
  • Waitomo Caves
    • The Waitomo Caverns are a home of Arachnocampa luminosa, generally known as New Zealand glowworm or just glowworm. Arachnocampa luminosa glow in order to draw insects closer. Thousands of these Arachnocampa luminosa live in the Waitomo Caverns, because of which the Waitomo Cave has become one of the main tourist’s attraction in New Zealand.
  • Princesa Subterranean River Cave
    • The Subterranean River in Palawan, Philippines, in 1971, was introduced as a national park. It is a 5 miles river that flows through a cave. It is close to some of the most beautiful limestone formations in the world. Only 2.5 miles of the river is open to tourists. The subterranean river became one of the Seven Wonders of Nature on January 28, 2012.
  • Marble Cathedral
    • The Marble Cathedral cave which is also known as The Cuevas de Marmol, which covers the Chile Argentina border, is carved into Chile’s General Carrera Lake. Visitors must fly from the capital to the lake city Coyhaique, and then travel 200 miles by road to the south to the lake. These caverns are only accessible by boat.
  • Krubera Cave
    • The Krubera Cavern was recognized as the deepest cave in the world, in 2001. It  is also known as the Voronja or Voronya Cave. Scientists predicted  its depth to be more than 2 kilometers. The Krubera Cave is located in Abkhazia, a republic that claims to be a self-governing state.